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Jinmenken: The Human-Faced Dogs of Japan

Could the Jinmenken from Japanese folklore be real? Could these mythical creatures have really existed and, more importantly, are they still around today?

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Image: Yo-kai Watch © LEVEL-5 abby Inc

Could the Jinmenken from Japanese folklore be real? Could these mythical creatures have really existed and, more importantly, are they still around today?

The Jinmenken, or “The Human-Faced Dog”, was first reported back in the “Edo Era” from the early 1600s to the mid 1800s. They were often seen by locals and were so common that they were featured in some newspapers of that era. Many of the creepy critters that weave their way through Japanese mythology are purely imagined fantasies. They border between fact and fiction, thus blurring one’s perspective of what is reality and what is just pure fantasy.

But what if this bizarre creature is still among us today? Sighting locations of this strange animal can vary, from dark rural roads to bustling city streets, where they have reportedly been seen to rummage through rubbish bins for scraps of food.

Unlike most of the mythical creatures in Japanese folklore, it is said that the Jinmenken means you no harm. They are known to plead with those who have come in contact with them to leave them alone. Or in some rare cases, have held simple conversations with those who would choose to stay and listen.

These sad-eyed beasts are said to look like ordinary dogs from a distance, but have dirty, matted coats with their tails between their legs as if to cower or be submissive. To the observer, these pathetic creatures seem to be sad and scared.

Image: Pixabay

Jinmenken are said to look like ordinary dogs from a distance

It has been reported that Jinmenken were once used in “misemono” – the Japanese equivalent to a travelling sideshow. These exhibits would typically feature an assortment of exotic creatures, mummified monsters and mysterious artefacts of the strange and macabre.

After visiting a misemono, one noted zoologist of the time described his reaction to seeing a purported Jinmenken on display:

“There, cowering and whimpering in the corner of the display booth I saw the hunched over form of what I first took to be a typical Shiba Inu, although of a somewhat more pungent odour. Then the thing looked up with sad eyes and I could see clearly that it was the face of a human being, albeit with the empty, soulless gaze of an animal. I was eager to be on my way from such a ghastly abomination and the thing’s gaze left me with a deep unease long after I had left.”

The zoologist was not the only one to feel such unease. Foreboding feelings of dread and despair are common among those who claim to have encountered Jinmenken. There are even reports of observers being hypnotised by these peculiar creatures, which some say are omens of tragedy and misfortune.

But can there be a logical explanation for the bizarre beasts?

One theory is that these creatures are nothing more than Japanese macaques, or “snow monkeys”. These primates, the most northern inhabitants of the monkey world, can be found all over Japan and resemble a small dog from a distance. They also have human-like faces and have a varied range of vocal abilities that could easily be mistaken as speech buy the anxious observer.

Image: Pixabay

Could the Jinmenken be nothing more than Japanese macaques?

That leaves us the question, is the mystery of the Jinmenken just a myth? Or is there some truth to the stories that are still being told today? Could they just be the imaginations of a people steadfastly engrossed in the fables of their culture? Or are they just a misunderstood little monkey?

Look deep into your soul, could you have seen one of these creatures in your dreams? Did you recognise your own face on the body of a desperate animal? Could these mythical beasts be real?

We’ll leave that up to you to decide.

What do you think? Could the Jinmenken really exist? Let us know what you think in the comments and don’t forget to follow us on Facebook and Twitter to avoid missing out on new articles!

John Herrington is a guest writer for TopicSprout. We're always looking for amazing writers to contribute content to the site. Interested in submitting your own articles to TopicSprout? Find out more here.

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Britain’s Roswell: The Rendlesham Forest Incident

In the early hours of 26 December 1980, two USAF airmen witnessed something unlike anything they had ever seen before. This extraordinary extraterrestrial encounter has become known as “Britain’s Roswell”. But is all as it seems?

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On 26 December 1980 at around 3:00 am, two US Air Force pilots were patrolling the grounds of RAF Woodbridge in Suffolk when something strange caught their attention.

The airmen had noticed “unusual lights” descending into the nearby Rendlesham Forest. Being so close to the air base, the pair initially presumed that the lights belonged to a downed aircraft and naturally went off to investigate.

Upon entering the forest, it quickly became clear that their presumption had been wrong. Expecting to see an aircraft in need of assistance, the servicemen instead saw an object unlike any they had ever seen before:

“The object was described as being metalic [sic] in appearance and triangular in shape, approximately two to three meters across the base and approximately two meters high. It illuminated the entire forest with a white light. The object itself had a pulsing red light on top and a bank(s) [sic] of blue lights underneath. The object was hovering or on legs.”

As the men approached, the object moved through the forest and sent the animals on a nearby farm “into a frenzy”. Then, as quickly as it had arrived, it was gone.

Image: Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons

The object was unlike anything the airmen had ever seen

Later that morning, servicemen from the base were sent to investigate the scene of the extraordinary encounter. There was no denying that something had been there. Whatever it was, it had created three indentations in the soil and left the surrounding vegetation scorched and broken.

Shortly after midnight on 28 December, the Deputy Base Commander, Lieutenant Colonel Halt, visited the site to see for himself what all the fuss had been about. He was underwhelmed.

Radiation readings were taken at the site, with raised levels being detected at the centre of the three indentations. As this investigation was taking place, strange lights similar to the ones seen two nights prior began appearing in the sky. This time, Halt got to see them for himself:

“Later in the night a red sun-like light was seen through the trees. It moved about and pulsed. At one point it appeared to throw off glowing particles and then broke into five separate white objects and then disappeared. Immediately thereafter, three star-like objects were noticed in the sky, two objects to the north and one to the south. The objects moved rapidly in sharp angular movements and displayed red, green and blue lights. The objects in the north remained in the sky for an hour or more. The object in the south was visible for two or three hours and beamed down a stream of light from time to time.”

Halt was assured. He had witnessed something from another world. However, Halt’s conviction was not enough to deter the sceptics. The indentations in the ground were dismissed as rabbit holes and the lights were explained away as being from a nearby lighthouse. The entire story was even accused of being a hoax.

Image: David Merrett

Did the lights come from the nearby Orfordness Lighthouse?

The former Deputy Base Commander has stood firm, however. In a 2010 affidavit, Halt accused the UK and US governments of conspiring to hide the truth about what he and his men had really witnessed in Rendlesham Forest. It was, he insists, a genuine and bona fide extraterrestrial encounter.

What do you think? Did Lieutenant Colonel Halt and his fellow USAF servicemen really encounter a visitor from another world? Let us know in the comments and don’t forget to follow us on Facebook and Twitter to avoid missing out on new articles!

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5 Strange and Surreal Tales From British Folklore

Strange green siblings, a demon with a spring in his step and a talking mongoose called Gef. Whoever said British folklore was boring?

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Photo: Public Domain via io9

The United States has Bigfoot and Roswell, Germany has the Pied Piper and Krampus, Japan has Jinmenken and Yamauba. Folklore is an inherent part of any culture. Passed down from one generation to the next, we can learn a lot about a community’s ideas and values from the tales that they tell. Britain has a rich history of such tales, tall or otherwise. Here are five of the strangest examples that we’ve found just for you.

5. The Green Children of Woolpit

The village of Woolpit in the English county of Suffolk derives its name from the large pits that it once used to keep dangerous wolves at bay. Legend has it that the very last wolf in England was caught in one of Woolpit’s traps. However, the village’s wolf pits are better known for capturing something else entirely.

At some point in the 12th Century, the villagers of Woolpit found two children – a brother and sister – at the mouth of one of their wolf pits. According to medieval writers, Ralph of Coggeshall and William of Newburgh, the children had green skin, wore strange clothing and spoke an unknown language. The children appeared to be starving, yet they refused to eat anything other than raw beans. The boy, who was the youngest of the two siblings, eventually became sick and died.

Photo: Unsplash

We thought eating your greens was supposed to be good for you

The surviving sibling gradually adapted to life in Woolpit, eating other foods and learning to speak English. She eventually lost her green colouring. She explained that she and her brother came from a land where everything was green and it was always twilight. The children had become lost while tending to their father’s cattle, having followed the herd into a cave. They followed the sound of bells out of the cave, but emerged in Woolpit rather than in their homeland.

Several explanations have been put forward for these strange accounts. The siblings may have been the children of persecuted Flemish immigrants, orphaned following the Battle of Fornham which occurred near to Woolpit. Their green-tinted skin could be attributed to malnutrition-induced chlorosis. A more sinister theory suggests that the green colouring was the result of arsenic poisoning, with the two children having been poisoned by their scheming uncle. Another unavoidable theory as to the pair’s origins has also been suggested: They were aliens.

Photo: Jonny Lindner

Uh oh, they know we’re on to them

4. The Owlman of Mawnan

The spring of 1976 was a particularly peculiar time in the English county of Cornwall. The weather fluctuated between extreme cold spells and extraordinary heat waves. Animals in the region exhibited bizarre behaviour, with packs of dogs, feral cats and birds terrorising the locals. Even dolphins were not immune to the insanity, allegedly attacking swimmers off the Cornish coastline. There was also an increase in the number of reported UFO sightings in the area. However, the strangest occurrence to be linked to these unearthly happenings took place in the Cornish village of Mawnan.

Photo: Claudia Beer

You wot mate?

Two young girls – June Melling, aged 12, and her sister, Vicky, aged 9 – were spending their Easter break in the small village, along with their parents. Enjoying a stroll through the woods one day, the sisters were struck with terror when they saw a large, feathered “bird man” hovering around Mawnan Church’s tower. The pair immediately ran to find their parents. Unable to properly communicate what they had seen to their bewildered parents, June drew a picture of the nightmarish creature. With the appearance of a feathered man with a head and wings not unlike those of an owl, the beast was soon dubbed “Owlman”. The children were so shaken by what they saw that their parents decided to cut their holiday short and take the girls home.

Photo: June Melling via Paranormal Encounters

We wouldn’t have stuck around either

The same creature was reportedly seen several times between 1976 and 1978, with later sightings occurring in 1989 and 1995. All of the sightings occurred near to the church where the Melling sisters first encountered the Owlman. The physical appearance of the creature remained fairly consistent in all accounts, being described as grey with glowing red eyes and black claws. The owl-like creature was also consistently said to have been as big as a man.

Explanations for the Owlman’s appearance in Mawnan range from the supernatural to the mundane. It has been suggested Mawnan Church sits upon a ley line – a straight line that links sites of geographical and historical significance – making it a hotspot for supernatural activity. Some have suggested that the beast may merely have been an escaped aviary bird, albeit a particularly large one. Others still have dismissed the chilling legend as an imaginative hoax.

3. The Big Grey Man of Ben MacDhui

With an elevation of 1,309 metres (4,295 feet), Ben MacDhui is the second highest mountain in the British Isles, bested only by Ben Nevis at 1,344 metres (4,409 feet). The mountain is a popular destination for climbers and hikers, attracting many visitors from all over the world. The mountain has long been said to be occupied by a mysterious presence known locally as Am Fear Liath Mòr, or the Big Grey Man.

Although the legend of the Big Grey Man dates back to at least the early 19th century, it was popularised in 1925 when the respected mountaineer, Professor Norman Collie, described an encounter he had with the ominous presence some decades prior:

“I was returning from a cairn on the summit in the mist when I began to think I heard something else other than my own footsteps. For every few steps I took I heard a crunch and then another crunch as if someone was walking after me, but taking footsteps three or four times the length of my own. I said to myself ‘this is all nonsense’. I listened and heard it again but could see nothing in the mist. As I walked on and the eerie crunch, crunch sounded behind me, I was seized with terror and took to my heels, staggering blindly for four or five miles nearly down to Rothiemurchus Forest. Whatever you make of it, I do not know, but there was something very queer at the top of Ben MacDhui and I will not go back there again by myself I know.”

Photo: UCL Mathematical and Physical Sciences

Professor Collie in happier times

There have been numerous other reported encounters since Professor Collie gave his account. Most describe an overwhelming feeling of panic, often accompanied by the sound of foreboding footsteps, and a desperate urge to flee. Physical descriptions of the Grey Man vary from a shadowy figure in the mist to a 20-foot-tall, Bigfoot-like creature.

While some have suggested that the mountain may actually be inhabited by a Bigfoot-like creature, others put forward the theory that purported encounters with the Big Grey Man are merely illusions. A phenomenon known as the ‘Brocken spectre’ has been observed on Ben MacDhui, whereby a specific set of atmospheric conditions result in an observer’s shadow being projected onto the clouds around them. This could explain the sightings of a shadowy figure in the mist. However, a far more poetic interpretation of the curious encounters puts forward the idea that the Big Grey Man is the manifestation of the spirit of Ben MacDhui itself.

Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Brocken spectre or not, this would still freak us out

2. Spring-heeled Jack

The streets of London were terrorised by the infamous Jack the Ripper during the latter part of the Victorian era. Everybody knows all about the gory Whitechapel murders. However, what most people don’t know is that the notorious Ripper was not the first Jack to have menaced London’s inhabitants during the reign of Queen Victoria.

Sightings of Spring-heeled Jack began in 1837 – the same year that Victoria came to the throne. The earliest encounters occurred in London, with a “Devil-like” figure leaping at young women and ripping their clothes before taking off into the darkness. The menacing miscreant was said to possess the ability to jump extraordinarily high, vaulting over rooftops with ease.

Photo: Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons

The Terror of London executing a mediocre tuck jump

By 1838, Spring-heeled Jack sightings had been extensively covered by the British press. On 22nd February, the Morning Chronicle published the account of 18-year-old, Jane Alsop, who claimed to have been confronted by the frightening figure at her own front door. The young woman, hearing a disturbance outside her home, had opened the door to see what was going on. In the darkness was a man who claimed to be a police officer, who requested that Jane bring him a light, as he had caught Spring-heeled Jack. She fetched a candle as requested and handed it to the man who she now noticed was wearing a large black cloak. He threw off the cloak, revealing himself to have a “hideous and frightful appearance” and eyes that resembled “red balls of fire”. He “vomited forth a quantity of blue and white flame from his mouth” and proceeded to attack Jane, grabbing her and scratching her with his metallic claws. She managed to escape with the aid of her sister, and the attacker fled when the pair called out for help.

Photo: Public Domain via Boredom Therapy

Definitely hideous and frightful

Spring-heeled Jack has been sighted all over Britain since these early reports, frightening locals in the MidlandsLiverpool and Edinburgh. There are even reports of the frightening figure having been sighted on the other side of the Atlantic, first appearing in Louisville, Kentucky in 1880. The most recent sighting seems to have been in Surrey in 2012, when a dark figure was allegedly seen darting across a road and leaping more than 15 feet over a roadside bank.

1. Gef The Talking Mongoose

In 1932, James Irving, his wife, Margaret and their 13-year-old daughter, Voirrey had been disturbed by strange noises coming from the walls of their farmhouse on the Isle of Man. The scratching noises could easily have been attributed to a mouse that had made its nest within the walls. The barking, spitting and blowing noises, on the other hand, made such a simple explanation unlikely. The farmer and his family soon came to notice that whatever was behind their walls possessed an incredible knack for mimicry, repeating various animal sounds and even entire nursery rhymes.

Eventually, the Irvings’ houseguest revealed itself. Small, with yellow fur and a bushy tail, the creature told the family that he was “an extra extra clever mongoose” from India. Dubbed ‘Gef’ by James and his family, the clever mongoose became a permanent member of the Irving household, engaging his new companions in banal chitchat, gossiping about the neighbours and reminding James, Margaret and Voirrey when they had forgotten to do something.

Photo: Kārlis Dambrāns

Like a furry little Siri

The bizarre little creature, however, was not always friendly. In fact, Gef was said to possess a frighteningly nasty temper. He would swear, throw objects around the house and make violent threats. On one occasion, Gef took a disliking to a child whom he felt had doubted his existence, angrily threatening to “blow his brains out” if he ever visited the farmhouse. On another chilling occasion, he told the Irvings: “I could kill you all, but I won’t.”

Photo: OpenClipartVectors

At which point we would have fled in terror

Gef was popular tabloid fare in the 1930s, attracting many visitors to the Irvings’ home. From the beginning, there were doubts expressed as to the truthfulness of the family’s claims. It was often noted that the elusive mongoose’s voice seemed to come from wherever Voirrey happened to be. Analysis on a hair sample obtained by Voirrey cast further doubts on the Irvings’ assertions, with the hair being determined as belonging to the family dog. However, others have noted the similarities between Gef’s purported activity and the activities commonly associated with poltergeists.

Margaret and Voirrey left the farm following James’ death in 1945. The following year, the new owner of the farm claimed to have shot and killed Gef. Voirrey, however, was certain that the body displayed did not belong to the extra clever mongoose. Voirrey maintained that Gef was not a fabrication or a hoax throughout her life, before sadly passing away in 2005.

Could there be any truth to these tales? Let us know what you think in the comments and don’t forget to follow us on Facebook and Twitter to avoid missing out on new articles!

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5 Outlandish April Fools’ Hoaxes That People Actually Fell For

What do unicorns, pasta and volcanoes have in common? Here are our top five April Fools’ hoaxes of all time.

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Photo: Robert Couse-Baker

It’s April Fools’ Day and the internet has inexplicably managed to become even crazier than usual. Today is the day when even the most straight-laced of individuals can engage in a bit of harmless tomfoolery without upsetting too many people. Of course, the April Fools’ tradition predates the internet by more than a century. We’ve been trawling the internet for the best April Fools’ hoaxes of all time. Here are our top five.

5. How to Cook a Unicorn

Photo: Stirling Castle via Dun Deagh

The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest library in the world, holding around 170 million items.

On 1 April 2012, the British Library’s Medieval Manuscripts Blog announced that a long-sought-after medieval cookbook had been discovered. The cookbook was said to contain recipes for herring, tripe and codswallop, amongst other unremarkable medieval cuisine.

The book did, however, contain one “spine-tingling” recipe. “Taketh one unicorne”, the recipe begins, before going on to explain how to marinate and grill said unicorn. The book’s author had helpfully provided illustrations.

This long-lost cookbook, said to be written by Geoffrey Fule, personal chef to the Queen of England, seemingly confirmed the existence of unicorns as non-mythical creatures. Was this a playful April Fools’ hoax by an esteemed institution, or are there unicorns grazing on the Balmoral Estate right now?

4. The Swedish Colour TV Converter

Sveriges Television (SVT) is Sweden’s state-funded television broadcaster, initially modelled on our very own BBC. SVT was Sweden’s only television broadcaster from its launch in 1956 until the establishment of TV3 in 1987. The channel broadcast only in black and white until 1966, when it started to experiment with colour broadcasts. Regular colour broadcasts were not introduced to Sweden until 1970.

On 1 April 1962, “technical expert”, Kjell Stensson, went on air to explain to SVT viewers that a fine-meshed material stretched over a standard black and white television screen would bend the light in such a way that the image would appear to be in colour. Stensson recommended nylon stockings as the ideal material for a homemade colour TV converter.

Stensson’s highly technical explanation of how the process was supposed to have worked convinced thousands of viewers to try it out for themselves. Needless to say, they were left disappointed.

3. The Swiss Spaghetti Harvest

Panorama is the world’s longest running current affairs television programme, having aired on the BBC since 1953.

On 1 April 1957, Panorama aired a report about spaghetti growers in southern Switzerland. The report, showing footage of a family harvesting spaghetti from “spaghetti trees”, claimed that spaghetti farmers were enjoying a particularly successful harvest due to the “virtual disappearance of the spaghetti weevil”. The report was made more believable by having respected broadcaster, Richard Dimbleby, provide the voice-over.

With pasta being a relatively exotic dish in 1950s Britain, the BBC reportedly received many calls from viewers eager for information on how to grow their own spaghetti trees. The standard response from the BBC was that aspiring spaghetti growers should “place a sprig of spaghetti in a tin of tomato sauce and hope for the best”.

2. Zero Gravity Day

Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Sir Patrick Moore was a famed British astronomer, most well known as the presenter of the BBC documentary series The Sky at Night from its first airing in 1957 until his death in 2012.

On the morning of 1 April 1976, Moore informed BBC Radio 2 listeners that a “unique astronomical event” would occur at 9:47 am that morning, with Pluto passing directly behind Jupiter. This rare event, Moore claimed, would result in a noticeable albeit temporary reduction of Earth’s gravity. Moore insisted that anyone who jumped in the air at precisely 9:47 am would experience a strange floating sensation.

The BBC was later flooded with calls from listeners claiming to have experienced the effects of the fictional astronomical event, with reports of people and furniture floating around rooms. There was even a demand for compensation, with one caller claiming to have risen so quickly that he hit his head on the ceiling.

1. Alaska’s Volcanic Eruption

Photo: The Guardian

The city of Sitka in the US state of Alaska is home to Mount Edgecumbe, a volcano that has been dormant for thousands of years.

On 1 April 1974, residents of Sitka were surprised to see black smoke rising from the long-dormant volcano. Fearing that the volcano was set to erupt, concerned locals inundated local authorities with calls and the Coast Guard was sent to investigate. Flying over the volcano in a helicopter, the Coast Guard pilot was surprised to see the words “APRIL FOOL” painted in large black letters beside a massive pile of burning tyres that had been placed in the volcano’s crater.

The elaborate prank was the work of 50-year-old practical joker, Oliver “Porky” Bickar. Porky had been collecting tyres in preparation for the prank for three years and pulled it off with the help of a few friends and a helicopter pilot. The prankster had notified air traffic control and the local police force about his plan, but had forgotten to notify the Coast Guard. Luckily for Porky, the residents of Sitka and the Coast Guard saw the funny side. The hoax made it into papers all around the world and Porky was even featured in an ad campaign for Alaska Airlines.

What do you think? Were these the best April Fools’ hoaxes of all time? Let us know what you think in the comments and don’t forget to follow us on Facebook and Twitter to avoid missing out on new articles!

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